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Meteorologic conditions in India

Climate of India

IndiaGeographical position

The primary area of the territory of India ( *https://indian-e-visa.com) is within the sub equatorial zone. The main characteristic of this area is tropical monsoons. Summer monsoon coming from the Indian Ocean gives rains to India. They intensify at the begining of June on the western coast and in mid-June on the eastern coastline. If moving over the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal, the monsoons are saturating with moisture and also move in a northwest direction.



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Monsoon period

Rising above the Western Ghats and Assam Mountains, monsoons move at a pace of 5-7 m/s, leading to heavy rainfall. Thunder or wind storms fall on the hills of the mountains in June. Yet later they calm down, and during the time from late September to mid-October rain falls generally, stop. From November to March, the dry northeastern monsoon blows from the land side. It makes the climate chilly and sun-drenched.


Climatic seasons

Based upon data on thermal conditions, precipitation, and winds, we can divide the calendar year in three primary climatic seasons.

In November – February, once the northeastern monsoon rules, it is cold and sunshiny. In March, the temperature slowly increases.The dry period can last from the end of March to June. At the end of June, the humidity goes up. And the weather of Indian plains will become rainy.The time from July to mid-September is the summer monsoon time. It is a moment of wet tropical weather. The south-westerly winds combine with high temperatures.October is a transitional time. The air humidity is high because of evaporation from the surface of the fields. But the rains end.


Contrast climate

There are differences in temperature and also weather in several parts of India. The nation covers a big location, and every area has another terrain. Thus, in the Thardesert, the annual precipitation does not go over 100 mm. And at Cherapun jistation in the Khashi Mountains, it is around 10 770 mm of rainfall per year. It is among the wettest areas on Earth.

The monsoon climate is attribute of the shoreline of the Arabian Sea. The coldest time period is from December to February. At the same time, there is less rain. The hottest period is from May to June. But even great heat are tolerated quite easily since air is dry, relative humidity, even in the morning, does not surpass 60%. Winds raise clouds of dust and turn the horizon a dirty yellow.

The onset of the monsoon in June begins with the increased wind and cloud cover. The time can last until September. During most days of the month, it rains regularly and lightly. The month to month rainfall in the wettest month – July is much greater than 600 mm. Cloudy weather reduces the temperature by 3-5 degrees.


Himalayan climate

In the mountains of the Himalayas, the climate depends on the height above sea level. Soat altitudes from 1500 to 2300 meters, from December to February, the average minimum temperature is from 0 to -3C (25 to 32F), and also the average maximum heat is +4 to +8C (40 to 45F).
The hottest period of the year lasts from June to August: the average minimum temperatureis +14 to +18C (55 to 65F), the average maximum temperatureis +29 to +30C (84 to 86F). Summer time monsoon does not appear here. The smallest amount of rainfall is from September to November (25-35 mm per month), the highest in March (about 100 mm). As you will see, the climate of India differs a lot depending on the area, its distance from the Ocean, and its altitude. We can not compare Himalayan climate to other portions of India. These mountain tops are very high and have a unique weather.


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